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Barry Allen (Grant Gustin) era um funcion 15.472 LIVROS: >>> A. Fair - A-Morte-Verde.doc A. Fair - A-Morte-Verde.rtf A. Fair - Armadilha para um Detetive (pdf)(rev).pdf. The fragmentation of psychotherapies in schools and systems is a challenge for the field. The present article examines the dynamics of attraction and.
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Operation Condor - Wikipedia. Operation Condor.
Part of Cold War. Green: main active members (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay). Light green: sporadic members (Colombia, Peru, Venezuela). Blue: collaborator (USA). Date. 19. 68. The program was intended to eradicate communist or Soviet influence and ideas, and to suppress active or potential opposition movements against the participating governments.
Some estimates are that at least 6. Condor. The United States government provided technical support and supplied military aid to the participants until at least 1. Republican Ronald Reagan became President in 1. Ecuador and Peru later joined the operation in more peripheral roles. A declassified CIA document dated 2. June 1. 97. 6, explains that . Langguth, the organization of the first meetings between Argentinian and Uruguayan security officials, concerning the watching (and subsequent disappearance or assassination) of political refugees in these countries, can be attributed to the CIA, as well as its participation as intermediary in the Argentinian, Uruguayan and Brazilian death squads meetings.
Their goal was to destroy the . Government forces took victims by plane or helicopter out to sea, dropping them to their deaths and planned disappearances. In late 1. 97. 7, due to unusual storms, numerous corpses washed up on beaches south of Buenos Aires, producing evidence of some of the government's victims.
There were also hundreds of cases of babies and children being taken from mothers in prison who had been kidnapped and later disappeared; the children were given in illegal adoptions to military families and associates of the regime. Analyzing the political repression in the region during that decade, Brazilian journalist Nilson Mariano estimates the number of killed and missing people as 2,0. Paraguay; 3,1. 96 in Chile; 2.
Uruguay; 3. 66 in Brazil; and 3. Argentina. They found what became known as the .
The archive has a total of 6. While Peru had no representatives at the secret November 1. Santiago de Chile, there is evidence of its involvement.
For instance, as late as June 1. Peru was known to have collaborated with Argentine agents of 6. Intelligence Battalion in the kidnapping, torture and . A Colombian paramilitary organization known as Alianza Americana Anticomunista may have cooperated with Operation Condor.
Operation Condor officially ended when Argentina ousted the military dictatorship in 1. Falklands War) and restored democracy. Notable cases and prosecutions.
The Argentine SIDE cooperated with the Chilean DINA in numerous cases of desaparecidos. They assassinated Chilean General Carlos Prats, former Uruguayan MPs Zelmar Michelini and H. In April 1. 97. 7, the Madres de la Plaza de Mayo, a group of mothers whose children had been disappeared, started demonstrating each Thursday in front of the Casa Rosada on the plaza. They were seeking to learn the location and fates of their children.
The disappearance in December 1. French nuns and several founders of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo gained international attention.
Their remains were later identified as among those bodies washed up on beaches in December 1. Buenos Aires, victims of death flights. Other Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo continue the struggle for justice to this day (2. In 1. 98. 3 in Argentina, after the restoration of democracy, the government set up the National Commission for Forced Disappearances (CONADEP), led by writer Ernesto Sabato.
It took testimony from hundreds of witnesses about victims of the regime and known abuses, documenting hundreds of secret prisons and detention centers, and identifying leaders of torture and death squads. Two years later, the Juicio a las Juntas (Trial of the Juntas) largely succeeded in proving the crimes of the top officers of the various juntas that had formed the self- styled National Reorganization Process. Most of the top officers who were tried were convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment, including Jorge Rafael Videla, Emilio Eduardo Massera, Roberto Eduardo Viola, Armando Lambruschini, Ra. President Bill Clinton ordered the declassification of thousands of State Department documents related to U.
S.- Argentine activities, going back to 1. The Argentine Supreme Court under separate review declared them unconstitutional in June 2. This enabled the government to renew prosecution of crimes committed during the Dirty War. DINA civil agent Enrique Arancibia Clavel, who was prosecuted in Argentina for crimes against humanity in 2. General Prats. He and fellow extremist Vincenzo Vinciguerra testified in Rome in December 1. Mar. Chilean appeals court judge Nibaldo Segura refused extradition in July 2. Chile. Among the defendants are former Argentine .
Prosecutors are basing their case in part on U. S. Reynaldo Bignone was sentenced to 2. Fourteen of the remaining 1. Two were found not guilty. It is also the first time that former members of Condor have been sentenced for forming part of this criminal organisation.
According to the official statement, the Italian government . There they kidnapped Universindo Rodriguez and Lilian Celiberti, an activist Uruguayan couple of the political opposition, along with her two children, Camilo and Francesca, five and three years old. Universindo Rodriguez and the children had already been clandestinely taken to Uruguay.
The exposure of the operation is believed to have prevented the murder of the couple and their two young children, as the news of the political kidnapping of Uruguayan nationals in Brazil made headlines in the Brazilian press. It became an international scandal.
The military governments of both Brazil and Uruguay were embarrassed. A few days later, officials arranged for the Celiberti's children to be taken to their maternal grandparents in Montevideo. After Rodriguez and Celiberti were imprisoned and tortured in Brazil, they were taken to military prisons in Uruguay, and detained for the next five years.
When democracy was restored in Uruguay in 1. They confirmed all the published details of their kidnapping. The reporters and the Uruguayans had identified them as taking part in the kidnapping.
This event confirmed the direct involvement of the Brazilian government in the Condor Operation. The democratic government of President Luis Alberto Lacalle in Uruguay was inspired to do the same a year later. When Seelig was prosecuted in Brazil, Universindo and L. The Brazilian policeman was acquitted for lack of evidence. Lilian and Universindo's later testimony revealed that four officers of the secret Uruguayan Counter- information Division . The Law of Impunity, passed in 1.
Uruguayan citizens who had committed acts of political repression and human rights abuses under the dictatorship. Cunha and Scalco were awarded the 1. Esso Prize, the most important prize of the Brazilian press, for their investigative journalism of the case. In 1. 99. 3 he said to the Brazilian press. The only ones who managed to survive are Lilian, her children, and Universindo. He died of an alleged heart attack in his sleep in Mercedes, Argentina, on 6 December 1.
Since his body was never submitted to an autopsy, the true cause of his death remains unknown. On 2. 6 April 2. 00. Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul Leonel Brizola alleged that ex- presidents Jo.
He asked for investigations to be opened into their deaths. Barreiro said that Goulart was poisoned, confirming Brizola's allegations. Barreiro also said that the order to assassinate Goulart came from S. This revelation reinforces the theory that the former president was poisoned. The Goulart family has not yet identified who could be the .
The agent acted as a close friend to Jango, and described in detail an argument during the former president's 5. The Uruguayan government was monitoring Jango's travel, his business, and his political activities. These files were from 1. Brazil, and suggest that he could have been deliberately attacked. The Movement for Justice and Human Rights and the President Jo. One of the lawyers seeking his extradition said there had been an attempt to assassinate Carlos Altamirano, leader of the Chilean Socialist Party. He said that Pinochet met Italian neofascist terrorist Stefano Delle Chiaie during Franco's funeral in Madrid in 1.
Altamirano murdered. The Chilean DINA has been held responsible. In Chile, Judge Alejandro Sol. The leaders of DINA, including chief Manuel Contreras, ex- chief of operations and retired general Ra. DINA agent Enrique Arancibia Clavel has been convicted in Argentina for the murder. Bernardo Leighton.
According to declassified documents in the National Security Archive and Italian attorney general Giovanni Salvi, who led the prosecution of former DINA head Manuel Contreras, Stefano Delle Chiaie met with Michael Townley and Virgilio Paz Romero in Madrid in 1. Bernardo Leighton with the help of Franco's secret police. Letelier was appointed the ambassador from Chile to the United States while Salvador Allende was in power. He was one of the first members of Allende's former government to be arrested by the Pinochet regime.
However, he was released twelve months later due to pressure from Venezuela and the United States. He was ordered to leave Chile, upon which he moved to Washington D. C. He then spend his time lobbying to Congress and other European governments against Pinochet's regime. For this reason he became the voice of Chile's resistance movement.
He then got a job as the Director of Planning and Development at the Institute for Policy Studies. Ronni Moffitt was Letelier's assistant at the Institute. She was 2. 6 and recently married when she died. On September 2. 1, 1. Letelier and Moffitt traveled to work with Moffitt's husband Michael, the car they were driving suddenly exploded.
Letelier and Moffitt both later died at the hospital, while Ronni's husband Michael survived the blast. Although it was not initially clear who had been responsible for the bombing, Letelier had showed up on DINA's radar since his move to the United States.